Tuesday, 28 December 2010

2 Paid PhD Positions at University of Groningen

Two PhD positions have been advertised at Jobs.ac.Uk which is reproduced below. Note that it is possible to do NT/early Christianity.

Two PhD Positions Theology and Religious Studies (1,8 fte) University of Groningen - Faculty of Theology and Religious Studies

Vacancy number 210358-59

Job description
The Graduate School of Theology and Religious Studies of the University of Groningen is looking for two PhD candidates (0,9 fte) for its PhD programme.

The programme is open to highly motivated foreign and Dutch students who have a wide-ranging interest in religion and who wish to study in a challenging academic environment, which stimulates personal development and which aims at excellence. Applicants are requested to submit a research proposal in one of the (sub)disciplines of Religious Studies or Theology.


We are looking for enthusiastic candidates with a Master's degree or equivalent, in a (sub)discipline in which the doctoral study will take place. The degree must have been obtained within a reasonable period of time and with results that justify the expectation that the student will be able to successfully complete the programme in four years.

For detailed admission requirements: http://www.rug.nl/gradschoolthrs/admissions/admissionphd

Conditions of employment
The University of Groningen offers a salary of minimal € 2,042 gross a month in the first year to maximal € 2,612 gross a month in the final year based on a full-time position. It is a temporary assignment for a period of 4 years. First, you will get a temporary position of 1,5 years with the perspective of prolongation with another 2,5 years. After the first year, there will be an evaluation as to the feasibility of successful completion of the PhD thesis within the next three years.

Please note that interviews will be held in week 7 (14-18 February 2011) and that you have to apply only by the application form as pronounced below.

The PhD positions are available as of September 1st, 2011.

Organisation Faculty of Theology and Religious Studies

The Faculty of Theology and Religious Studies (http://www.rug.nl/ggw/index) is one of the four oldest faculties of the University of Groningen. The University of Groningen was founded in 1614 and is among the 10% best universities in the world. A wide variety of disciplines. Internationally oriented. Rooted in the North of The Netherlands. Socially active. Our researchers and lecturers are inspired academics.

The Faculty of Theology and Religious Studies is small, full of atmosphere, and is nationally and internationally renowned for its high quality of teaching and research. Through its Centre for Religious Studies (http://www.rug.nl/ggw/onderzoek/index) the Groningen faculty carries out multi- and interdisciplinary research into ancient and living religions. Research focuses on the philology, literature, iconography, history, philosophy, anthropology and theology of these religions.

Additional information

Prof. A.F. Sanders, e-mail: a.f.sanders@rug.nl

PLEASE USE ONLY THIS APPLICATION FORM: http://www.rug.nl/gradschoolthrs/degree/phd/admission/applicationForm

Graduate School of Theology and Religious Studies: http://www.rug.nl/gradschoolthrs/index

Direct link to this job opening: www.academictransfer.com/7713

Closing date: February 1st, 2011.

Friday, 3 December 2010


The British Library is currently having a rather interesting exhibition that I recently attended: Evolving English: One Language, Many Voices. That sets me thinking about how English can be rather confusing, in its make up, pronunciation and the understanding of its meaning.

For example - take the name of places.
Gloucester is pronounced with silent "ce", as in "Glouster".
Likewise, Leicester Square in London is also pronounced with silent "ce", as in "Leister Square."
But Cirencester is pronounced in full, as in "Ci-ren-ces-ter."

Another rather interesting example about people and places.
Those from England are called English
Those from Scotland are called Scottish
Those from Ireland are called Irish
but those from Wales are not called Welshish or Welish. And a Welsh person is not from Welshland.

Let's think about the church now.
Church of England is Anglican
Church of Wales is Anglican
Church of Northern Ireland is Anglican
But Church of Scotland is not Anglican but Presbyterian!!

Finally, this is what I like best. I know of a single woman who celebrated her 50th birthday recently. After her birthday, she insisted that everyone should address her as Madam followed by her surname, and not Miss followed by her surname, as has always been her practice all along. The reason? She was told that those who are 50s and above should only be known as Madam to reflect one's status or rank in life. I think it is wise of me not to mention the other meanings of Madam as well.

Indeed, one language, many voices!

Monday, 29 November 2010

Updated NIV 2010 Completed

The highly anticipated update to the NIV is now completed. While the print edition is not expected to be released until 2011, the online version has now been made available for viewing at BibleGateway (please click here) and Biblica (please click here).

Prof Doug Moo, Chair of the Committee on Bible Translation, provides us with the introductory video of the updated NIV. A condensed version of the video can be found at YouTube.

Please also refer to the translators' notes for the corrections made to the updated version of the NIV by clicking here.

From the translators' notes, I am pleased to note that several significant corrections and changes have been made, taking into account recent scholarship. But I would still like to take a look at several more passages and study them before I make further comments.

Enjoy reading the updated NIV online.

Monday, 22 November 2010

Online Redefined?

I had the following conversation with someone a few months ago, discovering that a simple word like "online" can mean different thing to different people.

Me: I am asking this on behalf of someone who would like to sign up for a class. You mentioned that I can sign up online. But I don't seem to be able to do it.

A: You can sign up the class online - just go to our website

Me: But I have checked the website, there is no facility for me to sign up online.

A: Yes, you can do it online. Try again.

Me: But I have just checked it again - your website doesn't have that option.

A: Yes, we do. Aiyah - you don't know how to do it online ah. Let me explain. First, go online to our website. Download the form which is in PDF into your computer. Then you print out the form and fill it the details. After that, you fax the form to me. So simple.

Me: .............

Thursday, 18 November 2010

Kingdom, Power and Truth: God and Caesar Then and Now: Lecture by NT Wright

I am late in getting this out - the fulltext of NT Wright's first lecture as Professor at St Andrews has been posted by David Larsen.

Please click here to read Professor Wright's lecture on Kingdom, Power and Truth: God and Caesar Then and Now.

Friday, 12 November 2010

New Journal: Journal for the Study of Paul and His Letters

Michael Bird announces that a new journal that he edits will be published soon. Called the Journal for the Study of Paul and His Letters, this journal will be published twice a year. The inaugural issue is expected to be released in spring 2011.

A sample issue and the introductory essay by Bird can be found by clicking here.

Further details of the journal can be found at the publisher's site by clicking here.

Wednesday, 20 October 2010

Position: NT Lecturer, Durham University

Durham University announces a search for Lecturer in New Testament for its Theology and Religious Studies Department.

According to the announcement, the "current post arises from the retirement of Dr William Telford, Senior Lecturer in New Testament, and applications are welcome from those with research expertise in any area of New Testament studies."

"Those who currently teach in the area include Professor John Barclay, Professor Francis Watson, and Dr Lutz Doering, while many other staff in the Department have cross-disciplinary research interests that relate to the New Testament. There is a weekly research seminar in New Testament, at which papers are presented by leading scholars from the UK and abroad as well as by members of staff and research postgraduates."

"The successful applicant will be expected to teach modules in New Testament at undergraduate and taught postgraduate levels, to supervise postgraduate research, to undertake outstanding research leading to publications of international significance, and to play a full part in the life of the department."

Closing date for the application: 12 November 2010.

Tuesday, 12 October 2010

The Death of Margaret Thrall

Another sad news. Many of the giants of biblical studies in the UK has passed on in the past few years. Today, I received news from the BNTS list that the Revd. Dr. Margaret E. Thrall has passed away at a home for the elderly on the island of Anglesey in North Wales.

"Dr. Margaret Thrall was the first doctoral student of Professor C.F.D. Moule at Cambridge University, and, between 1962 and 1996, she had a distinguished career in the School of Theology and Religious Studies at the University of Wales, Bangor. She was associate editor of New Testament Studies, and Editor of the SNTS monograph series (1991-6). She published numerous books and articles during her career, including Greek Particles in the New Testament: Linguistic and Exegetical Studies (1962) and her magisterial two-volume commentary on 2 Corinthians in the International Critical Commentary series (1994, 2000). In recognition of Dr. Thrall’s significant contribution to Pauline scholarship, she was awarded the Burkitt Medal for Biblical Studies by the British Academy in 1997 and a Festschrift to mark her seventy-fifth birthday was published in 2003.

Dr. Thrall’s first monograph was The Ordination of Women to the Priesthood (1958), and in 1997 she was among the first women to be ordained to the priesthood in the Church in Wales. She was a member of the Church in Wales Doctrine Commission (1983-92) and served as Canon Theologian at Bangor Cathedral (1994-7).

Margaret Thrall’s funeral was held on Monday, 11 October in Bangor Cathedral."

Dr Thrall's commentary on 2 Corinthians in the ICC series was very instrumental in my doctoral research. May her soul rest in peace.

Tuesday, 5 October 2010

Spiritual Formation Seminar by Dr Alex Tang

Petaling Jaya Evangelical Free Church is pleased to announce a Spiritual Formation Seminar to be conducted by Dr Alex Tang.

Date: October 9, 2010
Time: 9.30am-4.30pm
Registration Fees: RM20 (incl notes, lunch and tea breaks)

Please call the church to register before Oct 7: +60 (3) 7957 4341

For a map to the venue, please click here.

Thursday, 23 September 2010

Some reflections....

Sometimes we think that people left a particular church and move on to another because they have issues with themselves. But we forget that they left precisely because of us who are pastors or leaders. Sometimes people left not because of the things we do. They left because of the things we fail to do.

Tuesday, 14 September 2010

5 Annoying Questions My Fellow Malaysians Ask

There are many things I like being a Malaysian. But there are many things I particularly dislike about Malaysians, especially in the way questions are being thrown at me.

Let me just highlight 5 questions that are most frequently asked that I find rather annoying and tasteless, to say the least.

1) What is your salary like?

2) Why are you still single? Do you want me to recommend someone for you?

3) How much is your house worth now? Wah...that means you are very rich!

4) How much did you pay for this or that?

5) How much royalty did you receive for your book? Since your book is so expensive, you must be very rich, right or not?

What are some of the questions you have been asked frequently by your fellow Malaysians that you think would make it to the Most Annoying Questions My Fellow Malaysians Ask?

Friday, 3 September 2010

Review of my Book in JSNT 32/5 (2010)

Below is a very generous review of my book, as published in the Journal for the Study of the New Testament 32/5 (August 2010): 97.

‘The Sufferings of Christ are Abundant in us’: A Narrative Dynamics Investigation of Paul’s Sufferings in 2 Corinthians
Kar Yong Lim
LNTS 399; London: T&T Clark, 2009, 978-0-567-10728-2, £65.00, xvi + 240 hb
Reviewed by Grant Macaskill

Kar Yong Lim seeks to bring recent scholarship on Pauline narrative dynamics, generally focused on Romans and Galatians, to bear on 2 Corinthians, and specifically on the theme of suffering that runs through the letter. After surveying the history of research on the theme, the author notes that such research has often focused on individual sections of the text in isolation from the wider letter and has, rather surprisingly, neglected both the scriptural background to these texts and the narrative of the cross in relation to them. His own study, therefore, seeks to address this by examining all of the major passages on suffering in 2 Corinthians, and the mainstream historical research on these, in conversation with studies of narrative dynamics elsewhere in the Pauline corpus.

The result is a rewarding study of 2 Corinthians. Often, the author offers insights that are only subtly different from those offered by other scholars, but the integration of these into the wider context (and, indeed, into the broad sweep of Pauline theology) makes for a satisfying study. Significantly, the adoption of a narrative dynamics approach does not displace meticulous attention to traditional historical spadework, resulting in a well-rounded study that ought to feature prominently in future discussion of the passages in question.

Friday, 20 August 2010

Reading the Grand Narrative of Salvation: A Narrative of Fulfilment in Luke-Acts

This is an article that I wrote recently for a local magazine.

“… an account of the things that have been fulfilled among us…” (Luke 1:1)

The Gospel of Luke begins with an impressive statement anchoring the author’s work within the literary tradition of the Greco-Roman world (Luke 1:1-4). In this prologue, Luke makes a bold claim that the “orderly account” (Luke 1:3) he is narrating is not simply a collection of random historical events, but selective events demonstrating that the life and ministry of Jesus Christ is the fulfillment of the grand narrative of the salvation of God that is rooted in the story of Israel. In his sequel, the Acts of the Apostles, Luke’s narrative of the expansion of the early church and the mission to the Gentiles further displays the fulfillment of God’s redemptive plan for the nations. As such, the fulfillment terminology in Luke-Acts focuses on how the divine plan of salvation is being accomplished through the fulfillment of Old Testament, climaxed in the person and ministry of Jesus the Messiah and, realized in the preaching of the gospel to the nations.

The Story of Salvation as Fulfillment in Luke

Apart from the prologue where the motif of fulfillment signals Luke’s intention of his narrative, this terminology is extensively used in the infancy narratives of Jesus (see Luke 1:20, 45, 46-55; 2:6, 21, 22, 39, 43). By weaving the language of fulfilment into these accounts, Luke draws attention to the story that the salvation plan of God does not begins with the coming of Jesus. The story of the gospel is a continuation of the story of Israel, with godly characters proclaiming the realisation of the hope of Israel as witnessed in the birth of John the Baptist (Luke 1:19-20) and Jesus the Messiah (Luke 1:31-33; 45-55; 2:1-7).

The beginning of Jesus’ public ministry is introduced with the reading of Isaiah 61:1-2 in the synagogue of Nazareth (Luke 4:18-19). This is followed by the Jesus’ bold declaration that “Today this scripture is fulfilled in your hearing” (Luke 4:21). This pronouncement points to Jesus as the eschatological prophet, fulfilling what the Old Testament discloses about God’s redemptive plan. This direct quotation of Isaiah 61:1-2 subsequently becomes the paradigm of the ministry of Jesus – preaching the good news, proclaiming freedom to the prisoners, recovery of sight to the blind, releasing the oppressed. In the person and ministry of Jesus, the year of the Lord’s favour spoken of in Isaiah is now inaugurated. Further allusion to Isaiah 61:1-2 is seen in the response of Jesus to the disciples of John the Baptist who asked him whether he was indeed the Messiah (Luke 7:18-23). The reply of Jesus not only echoes this Isaianic passage but also anchors his ministry as the anticipated eschatological prophet fulfilling God’s divine plan.

The climax of the ministry of Jesus the Messiah is in the revelation that he “must suffer many things and be rejected by the elders, chief priests and teachers of the law, and he must be killed and on the third day be raised to life” (Luke 9:21. See also 9:31; 18:31-32; 22:15-22, 37). Closely related to Jesus’ Passion prediction is the Transfiguration of Jesus where Moses and Elijah appeared in glory and spoke about Jesus’ “departure”, which he was about to accomplish at Jerusalem (Luke 9:31). The subsequent voice from heaven not only confirms the identity of Jesus as the Son of God but also expresses the need of the disciples to listen to Jesus unfolding his passion and death (Luke 9:35). The events that followed the Transfiguration that led to the betrayal, sufferings, death and resurrection of Jesus are foreordained in God’s drama of salvation, only to be fulfilled as Scripture directs and as Jesus himself outlines (see Luke 18:31, 22:22, 37; 24:25-27, 44-46). Jesus himself declares that “everything that is written by the prophets about of the Son of Man will be fulfilled” (Luke 18:31).

The post-resurrection appearance of Jesus to the two disciples on the Emmaus Road is also narrated in the language of fulfilment. By “beginning with Moses and all the Prophets, (Jesus) explained to them what was said in all the Scriptures concerning himself” (Luke 24:27) by revealing himself as the suffering Messiah (Luke 24:26). Subsequently, Jesus also told the eleven disciples, “Everything must be fulfilled that is written about me in the Law of Moses, the Prophets and the Psalms” (Luke 24:44). Jesus’ conversation with these disciples reveals a grand narrative of God’s plan that is rooted in the Old Testament and how an understanding of the Old Testament and its promises is a necessary prelude for grasping the redemptive and eschatological plan and purpose of God (see Luke 24:25-27, 44-49). The ministry, death and resurrection of Jesus is once again interpreted in the light of Scripture, as clearly declared by the Messiah himself towards the closing of Luke’s Gospel, “This is what is written: The Christ will suffer and rise from the dead on the third day, and repentance and forgiveness of sins will be preached in his name to all nations, beginning at Jerusalem” (Luke 24:46-47).

The Story of Salvation as Fulfillment in Acts

The opening statement of Acts recalls the emphasis of Luke 24 of the plan of God in blessing the nations/Gentiles through the witness of the apostles. This divine plan of salvation will be fulfilled through the preaching of the apostles in Jerusalem (Acts 2-7), Judea and Samaria (Acts 8-11) and to the ends of the earth (Acts 13-28) as outlined in Acts 1:8.

The language of fulfilment in Acts is chiefly found in the numerous speeches recorded. Peter is the first to use this motif in his speech, declaring that the Scripture had to be fulfilled in Judas’ punishment for the betrayal of Jesus and the appointment of Matthias in replacing Judas by quoting Psalms 69:25 and 109:8 respectively (Acts 1:20). Peter’s subsequent speech on Pentecost is couched in the language of fulfilment, announcing God’s great plan of salvation (Acts 2:14-39). The coming of the Holy Spirit at Pentecost is declared as the fulfilment of Joel 2:28-32 while the resurrection and ascension of Christ are proclaimed as the fulfilment of Psalms 16:8-11 and 110:1 respectively. Peter’s subsequent address in the temple precinct makes another significant claim about the fulfilment of Scriptures where Christ’s rejection and sufferings are referenced to Deuteronomy 18:15-19 and Genesis 22:18; 26:4. In addition, this sermon of Peter also introduces a theological overview of God’s narrative of redemption as rooted in the story of Israel, beginning from the story of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob to the story of Moses, and finally, the story of Israel.

Paul’s first recorded Sabbath speech in the synagogue of Pisidian Antioch focuses on God’s promises in bringing a Saviour in the line of King David (Acts 13:16-41). In his speech, the language of fulfilment appears three times. First, in condemning Jesus to death, “the people of Jerusalem and their rulers…fulfilled the words of the prophets” (Acts 13:27). Secondly, whey they had fulfilled all that was written about Jesus, they took him down from the tree, and laid him in a tomb (Acts 13:29). Thirdly, the resurrection of Jesus is now proclaimed as what “God promised our fathers, he has fulfilled for us, their children” (Acts 13:32). And this resurrection of Jesus is now the good news Paul proclaimed. However, in the following Sabbath, some Jews obstructed Paul and he turned his attention to the Gentiles by evoking Isaiah 49:6 as justification for this move. As such in Acts 13, two major fulfilments of God’s divine salvation plan are unfolded: God’s intention in the death and resurrection of the Messiah and the divine plan in bringing the salvation to the Gentiles.

Paul’s trail speeches in Acts 23:6; 24:10-21 and 26:2-23 further underscores the language of fulfilment. Israel’s hope is fulfilled in the resurrection of the Messiah. Paul’s defence of his apostolic calling to be an apostle to the Gentiles is flashed out in this declaration: ‘I am saying nothing beyond what the prophets and Moses said would happen – that the Christ would suffer and, as the first to rise from the dead, would proclaim light to his own people and to the Gentiles” (Acts 26:22-23). For Paul, everything occurred in accordance with God’s divine plan of salvation.

The ending of Acts again showcases the declaration of the fulfilment of the Scripture in the recording of the events (Acts 28:23-28). This final scene shows Paul trying to persuade people about Jesus both from the Law of Moses and from the Prophets and in which Isaiah 6:9-10 is quoted as reason for taking the gospel to the Gentiles. With this, Luke second volume ends where he begins, with a declaration of the fulfilment of God’s progressive self-revelation initially through the work of the Prophets and finally revealed in his Son. This redemptive story is now being proclaimed by the apostles to both the Jews and the Gentiles. The worldwide expansion of the Gentile mission as disclosed in the Old Testament is now finally being fulfilled.

Concluding Remarks

From the two-volume work of Luke, past history is not simply a recollection of a series of events but a clear expression of the purpose of God. Divine control of history as unfolded in the story of Israel finds its climatic fulfilment in the story of Jesus Christ in Luke’s writings. Together with references to the plan of God (Luke 7:30; Acts 2:23; 4:28; 5:38-39; 13:36; 20:27), the will of God (Luke 11:2; 22:42; Acts 21:14; 22:14) and to the sovereignty of God (Luke 22:22; Acts 1:7; 10:42; 17:31; 22:14; 26:16), all these point to the story that Luke sees the gospel of Christ not as detached, but as the climax and fulfilment of the redemptive plans of God rooted in the story of Israel. The necessity of Jesus’ rejection and suffering was not an accident in history but part of God’s drama of redemption as revealed in the scripture and promises of God in the Old Testament.

Monday, 9 August 2010

God Remembers: Chapel Message

The following is the transcript of my short devotional message shared in STM's Chapel last tuesday.

STM Chapel
Tuesday, August 3, 2010
Text: Isaiah 49:13-16
God Remembers

The past few months have been a very interesting journey for me. It is interesting because it has been a journey of discovery. It has been a journey that comes with a mixed bag. It has been a journey that is mixed with joy and pain, laughter and tears, and delight and frustration. It has been a journey where I am confronted with difficult theological questions. Some of the difficult questions that have been on my mind are: What happens when a person could, at times, no longer remembers God? How does this affect the person’s identity in Christ?

These questions arise because we have been caring for my father who is now advancing in his Alzheimer’s disease for the past couple of years. Caring for a patient such as this not only requires much patience and love, it also demands out constant attention and care. Some days, Dad would be able to recognise the family. In times like this, he would still be able to joke with us, tell us stories, and sings along with us. At some other days, he would not be able to recognise us. He would not be able to recognise my mother and my sister. Some days, he would look at me, and he would think I am someone else, and called me by some other name. At times, he would say to me, “Who are you?” About two weeks ago, I walked out of my bedroom and I greeted Dad. And Dad said, “Who are you? I know my son lives in that bedroom, and who are you coming out of my son’s bedroom?” Some days, he is a father I know. But on some days, he becomes a father that I never know.

Dad finds it hard to read the bible. Words do not seem to make much sense to him now. He finds it difficult to make sense of a sentence. He really struggles to read the bible. Some days, Dad finds it even hard to pray. One time, he looked at us and asked, “What is prayer? I don’t know how to pray.” At times, Dad surprises us about his faith. One day, Dad suddenly asked the family to prepare food on the table because he needed to pray to his ancestors. We assured him, and told him, “Dad, we are believers. We worship God. We don’t worship our ancestors.” Dad had, for a moment, forgotten that he is now a believer in Jesus.

That leads me to this question: When a person could no longer remember how to pray; could no longer read the Bible; could suddenly forget that he is a believer in Christ, and could sometimes forget God, how would you minister to a person like this? What would be this person’s identity in Christ?

As I was reflecting on this, my mind was brought to the passage we read earlier – Isaiah 49:13-16. I am comforted that despise Israel’s unfaithfulness, God remains faithful. Even in times when Israel laments that God has forsaken them, God reassures that he will not forget. He still remembers them even in their exile, and God promises that there would be restoration for Israel. Even if a mother may forget the baby at her breast, God will not. That is enough for me. God still remembers. Even though Dad’s in his condition may forget God, God will never forget my father. God has engraved my father in the palms of his hands. Dad forgets, but God remembers. I pray that this will be an encouragement to you. Despite what we have gone through, even when we forget God, God remembers. That is enough. And may we remember God while we are able to. This is the very reason we come to our Lord’s Table that has been prepared for us to that whenever we eat the bread and drink the cup, we do it in remembrance of our Lord Jesus. Let us come to the Lord’s Table, the table he prepared for us so that we could remember him

Sunday, 8 August 2010

No Time To Blog?

I have not been blogging for a while - it's not that I have nothing to blog, but time just does not permit me to do so. Increasing administrative workload has taken much time away from research, writing, and critical reflection.

I hope to find some time in the coming weeks to resume my blogging activities.

Monday, 21 June 2010

Reading the Earliest Sacred Texts in the UK and Ireland - Codex Sinaiticus

I still remember during my first trip to London many years ago, I decided to give the Changing the Guards Ceremony at Buckingham Palace a miss (and until today, after numerous trips to London, I still have yet to witness this Ceremony, and friends have been telling me I don't know what I miss).

But for me, there was something else that was far more important to see. I would rather exchange the Changing the Guard Ceremony for a visit to the British Library. The reason was simple - I wanted to have a look at the Codex Sinaiticus and other sacred texts that are on display at the Sir John Ritblat Gallery that showcases the treasures of British Library. As an NT scholar, I would not give a visit to have a peek at this very important Codex a miss.

Over the years, I still make return visits to the British Library. This current trip to England is no exception. I was at the British Library recently, and I remained speechless and overwhelmed with a sense of awe when I stood before the display of the Codex Sinaiticus. This important Codex, discovered at St Catherine Monastery at the foot of Mt Sinai (hence the name, Codex Sinaiticus), contains the earliest copy of the complete New Testament dated back to the 4th century. On display is the final section of John 21, including John 21:25. Also on display are the portions of the Old Testament in Greek as well, and one can view portions of Psalms. It is interesting that the layout format for the NT text and OT text is slightly different. The NT was written in four columns format (see the image above) while the Psalms were written in two column format.

Displayed next to the Codex Sinaiticus is another important manuscript dated to the 5th century known as the Codex Alexandrinus. Numerous important Bibles such as the Lindisfarne Gospels dated back to the 7th century, the Wycliffe Bible dated late 14th century and Parc Abbey Bible dated 12th century are also on display.

I have always told my friends that we need to know the heritage and tradition of our faith and our scripture. If you are planning for a visit to London, make a tour to the British Library a priority. Perhaps like me, the Changing the Guards Ceremony and visit to Buckingham Palace can wait. And the best is, a visit to the gallery that houses the treasures of our sacred texts does not charge any admission fees!

By the way, as an evidence for my love for scripture, I even bought a poster of the Codex Sinaitucus that is now nicely framed and proudly on display in my office.

Saturday, 19 June 2010

The End is Nigh....

Time flies, and one month has quickly gone by and my time at Tyndale House in Cambridge is about to come to an end soon. Work has been progressing well, and I must say I am rather pleased with the progress thus far. I managed to tidied up the Introductory chapter of the book I am working on, and made significant revision on 3 other chapters. What's left for me is to tidy up the manuscript and then perhaps look for a publisher to publish my work.

This visit to Cambridge is also a very memorable one, and I will blog in the next post why this is so. Friends who have been following me on my Facebook would probably able to guess the reason for this.

This is my final weekend here - and I am going to chill out and have a little break before heading home.

Tuesday, 8 June 2010

Philip Esler Moves to St Mary's University College

Prof Philip Esler has been appointed as the new Principal of St Mary's University College, Twickenham, London. He will be leaving University of St Andrews in taking up this new position in the new academic year.

Read about Philip Esler's appointment here.

Friday, 4 June 2010

Cambridge University to digitalise faith and science library collections | Christian News on Christian Today

Cambridge University to digitalise faith and science library collections | Christian News on Christian Today

Cambridge University Library has announced plans to become a digital library for the world.

The library is home to more than seven million books and some of the greatest collections in existence, including those of Newton and Darwin.

The first collections to be digitised will be entitled The Foundations of Faith and The Foundations of Science. The goal for both is that they become ‘living libraries’ with the capacity to grow and evolve.

The library’s faith collections include some of the oldest and most significant Qur’ans ever to be uncovered, as well an eighth century copy of Surat al-Anfal.

The library also holds the world’s largest and most important collection of Jewish Genizah materials, including the Taylor-Schechter Genizah Collection – 193,000 fragments of manuscripts as significant as the Dead Sea Scrolls.

Its Christian holdings include the Codex Bezae Cantabrigiensis, one of the most important Greek New Testament manuscripts, the Book of Deer and the Book of Cerne.

Read the rest of the report here.

The Bible Society Library in the Cambridge University Library also houses copies of the oldest Malay bibles. Let's hope that some of these bible that contain the word "Allah" will be made available too.

Galloway & Porter: RIP

It was with sadness that I walked by my favourite bookstore, Galloway & Porter, in the city yesterday. The curtain has finally been drawn on May 31 on this store. There goes another shop where I could get theological books at a real bargain. As I look back, I must have purchased more than 60 books from this bookstore over the numerous trips to Cambridge over the past few years.

Tuesday, 1 June 2010

NT Position: St John's Nottingham

Here's an announcement from St John's College, Nottingham.

St John's College, Nottingham: TUTOR IN NEW TESTAMENT

Due to a significant growth in student numbers, we wish to appoint a full-time lecturer in New Testament Studies from September 1, 2010.

St John’s stands in the evangelical and charismatic tradition within the Church of England, and is committed to innovative and participative learning for mission and ministry through flexible courses for ordinands, lay people and youth workers. It continues to develop training which is culturally sensitive, and is fully committed to the church's agenda on Mission-Shaped Church.

The lecturer will join this developing, research-active team and work with colleagues to deliver the teaching of New Testament studies, up to and including postgraduate level. The person appointed will either have already completed a relevant research degree or be nearing completion and, as a practising Christian sharing our core values, will take a full part in our worshipping, learning community, including leading a student formation group.

Applications are invited from lay or ordained persons.

Application pack from
Mr Spenser Turner,
St John’s College,
Nottingham, NG9 3DS.
0115 925 1114
email: s.turner@stjohns-nottm.ac.uk

Applications close: June 11, 2010

Sunday, 30 May 2010

Work Begins....

I arrived Tyndale House on Tuesday late morning after a long flight from Kuala Lumpur via Singapore. Strangely, for this trip, I find it rather difficult to get things moving for the past week. I guess this is partly due to the reason that I had been very exhausted at the end of the semester. It was also towards the end of the semester that I was given the added responsibility of faculty in charge of the library. Much time was taken up to look into various issues related to the library and to consider how to make the library a more conducive place for all to work, study, research, and perhaps,to play! (yes, one can still have fun in the library!). So it was no wonder that I spent the last couple of days in Cambridge recuperating.

Since my last trip to Tyndale end of last year, nothing much has been done to my research. So for the last few days, I was ploughing through my notes, trying to figure out where I left off the last time I touched on my book project. It was not until yesterday that I think I finally gained my footing. So I am hoping that for the weeks to come, it would be another fruitful time for me at Tyndale! In the meantime, I have the books sitting on my the shelve above my desk that I need to browse through!

Friday, 28 May 2010

My Book Available for Review at RBL

I've just noted that my book is now available for review at Review of Biblical Literature.

Any interested takers? If interested, please log in to the site of Review of Biblical Literature (if you are a member of the Society of Biblical Literature) and volunteer to review it.

Wednesday, 26 May 2010

Arrived Tyndale House

Arrived Cambridge yesterday morning, after the long 13-hour long flight from Singapore, and to be greeted by sunny and rather warm and pleasant weather (what a change from the typical gloomy British weather)! So it's straight to work for me by ransacking the library shelves for the books I need.

I took a walk to the city centre to get some groceries, and with much sadness, I noted another favourite shop of mine is closing down. The last trip I was here, Borders was in the midst of closing down. And during this trip, another major bookstore that carries excellent bargain for remainders theology and biblical studies books, especially those published by T&T Clark and Continuum, is closing down. I hope to drop by again later to see whether I could pick up some bargains.

Monday, 24 May 2010

Books...and More Books

The special Eerdmans order through the seminary book services has finally arrived a couple of weeks ago. My Amazon order has also arrived about the same time. In addition, Evangel Book Centre had its annual sale recently. So there is now some new collection in my library - sadly, I won't be able to enjoy these books - at least for the time being - as I will be away for a month at Tyndale House, Cambridge. These books will have to wait till next month! Can't wait to interact with Peter Oakes' Reading Romans in Pompeii and John Stott's latest and final book on The Radical Disciple.

Upcoming Visit to Tyndale House

The last few weeks have been very hectic for me - additional administrative duties have been loaded onto my lap, and much time has been taken up to look into these new responsibilities. And much time has been diverted from my research and writing project.

But having said that, I am now looking forward to a month's concentrated research and writing period at Tyndale House, Cambridge. I will be hiding in Tyndale's excellent library, working on my manuscript. So I will be eating, working, and sleeping in the library, almost literally - after all, my accommodation is just directly above the library!

So bon voyage to myself!

Thursday, 20 May 2010

New Journal: Early Christianity - Free Sample

The inaugural issue of the new journal, Early Christianity, is now available for free online. Please click here to download the free sample.

Contents of this issue include the following:

Michael Wolter
, Die Entwicklung des paulinischen Christentums von einer Bekehrungsreligion zu einer Traditionsreligion.

Judith M. Lieu, “As much my apostle as Christ is mine”: The dispute over Paul between Tertullian and Marcion.

Matthias Konradt, Die Christonomie der Freiheit. Zu Paulus’ Entfaltung seines ethischen Ansatzes in Gal 5,13-6,10.

John M.G. Barclay, “I will have mercy on whom I have mercy”: The Golden Calf and Divine Mercy in Romans 9-11 and Second Temple Judaism.

Jonathan A. Linebaugh, Debating Diagonal Δικαιοσύνη: The Epistle of Enoch and Paul in Theological Conversatio

Tuesday, 27 April 2010

N T Wright Moving to St Andrews

The University of St Andrews announces the appointment of the Right Reverend Dr Nicholas Thomas Wright, presently the Bishop of Durham, to be Professor of New Testament and Early Christianity. According to the announcement, Professor Wright will take up post in the School of Divinity at St Andrews from September 1st 2010. Will there be a surge of postgraduate students in St Andrews?

Read the news announcement here and here.

Tuesday, 20 April 2010

Two Articles for Publication

Time flies - next week marks the final week of class for the seminary. In terms of my personal research,I managed to squeeze in some time over the past few weeks to get two articles ready for publication . I am glad that the articles are now out of my way, and I can move on to other research project.

The first article is on "Paul's Use of Temple Imagery in the Corinthian Correspondence: The Creation of Christian Identity" that will form a compendium of essays to be published by T&T Clark, hopefully in time for SBL Annual Meeting in November. In this article, I argue that Paul creatively draws on the symbolic universe of the Christ-community by employing the temple imagery in the Corinthian correspondence. By doing so, Paul uses the temple imagery powerfully in his appeal to realign the community to the ethos of the gospel of Christ in the formation of a distinct Christian identity. What emerges then from a the use of the temple imagery is a vivid and extraordinary image that holds together a number of different notions such as community identity, the building up of community, and the appearance of the community to the outsiders.

The other is a short article on "οἵτινες καταγγέλλουσιν ἡμῖν ὁδὸν σωτηρίας (Acts 16:17): Is Paul Proclaiming The Way or A Way of Salvation?" This article argues that the absence of the article before the phrase ὁδὸν σωτηρίας should be taken seriously. Such construction can be taken to indicate either a definite or an indefinites nuance, as suggested by the Apollonius' Canon. A close examination of how the word ὁδός and σωτηρίας are used in Acts demonstrates that the phrase ὁδὸν σωτηρίας should rightly be translated as "a way of salvation" and not "the way of salvation" (as translated in the many English translations such as the ESV, KJV, NASB, NET, NIV, NKJV, and RSV, amongst others). Seen from this perspective, I argue that the slave girl was in fact proclaiming in her shouts that Paul was merely preaching a way of salvation, and NOT the way of salvation. This would have been confusing and misleading, to say the least, to the hearers. It is tantamount to a complete distortion of the content of Paul's message. As such, Paul has no choice but to perform exorcism on her. As such, Paul was not merely deeply troubled by the source of the proclamation which is from Satan, as understood by most commentators. Rather, Paul was deeply troubled over the content of the message of the slave girl that directly challenged the gospel and thereby caused confusion among the hearers.

Monday, 19 April 2010

Review of Biblical Literature April 17, 2010

The following new reviews have been added to the Review of Biblical Literature on April 17, 2010:

Hector Avalos, Sarah Melcher, and Jeremy Schipper, eds.
This Abled Body: Rethinking Disabilities in Biblical Studies
Reviewed by Yael Avrahami

Susan Emanuel and Jonathan G. Campbell
The Exegetical Texts
Reviewed by Eric F. Mason

A. Philip Brown
Hope amidst Ruin: A Literary and Theological Analysis of Ezra
Reviewed by Bob Becking

James R. Linville
Amos and the Cosmic Imagination
Reviewed by M. Daniel Carroll R.

John P. Meier
A Marginal Jew: Rethinking the Historical Jesus, Volume 4: Law and Love
Reviewed by William Loader

Gerald O'Collins
Christology: A Biblical, Historical, and Systematic Study of Jesus
Reviewed by James F. McGrath

Gregory E. Sterling
Coptic Paradigms: A Summary of Sahidic Coptic Morphology
Reviewed by William Arnal

Guy G. Stroumsa
The End of Sacrifice: Religious Transformations in Late Antiquity
Reviewed by Douglas Estes

Stefan Wälchli
Glaubenswelten der Bibel: Eine kleine Geschichte des biblischen Glaubens und der Entstehung der Bibel
Reviewed by Louis Jonker

Harald Martin Wahl
Das Buch Esther: Übersetzung und Kommentar
Reviewed by Donatella Scaiola

Walter T. Wilson
Pauline Parallels: A Comprehensive Guide
Reviewed by Martinus C. de Boer

Otto Zwierlein
Petrus in Rom: Die literarischen Zeugnisse
Reviewed by James D. G. Dunn

Saturday, 17 April 2010

New Journal: Early Christianity

Mohr Siebeck announces the inaugural issue of Early Christianity will be published in May 2010. According to the publisher, this journal "is concerned with early Christianity as a historical phenomenon. Thereby, “Early Christianity” aims to overcome certain limitations which have hindered the development of the discipline, including the concept of the “New Testament” itself. The journal, then, is taken to cover not only the first Christian century but also the second."

"This journal will not, however, give any special prominence to reception-history or to the second century. The total phenomenon called "early Christianity" comprises a kaleidoscopic range of individual phenomena, including communal structures, social norms, discursive practices, points of conflict, material remains, and much else – far more than just the production and reception of texts. This journal will strive to reflect this multiplicity of contexts, in the expectation of new light on our subject-matter from a variety of angles."

"Early Christianity" will appear four times a year.

Articles for the first issue include the following:

Michael Wolter, Die Entwicklung des paulinischen Christentums von einer Bekehrungsreligion zu einer Traditionsreligion.

Judith M. Lieu, “As much my apostle as Christ is mine”: The dispute over Paul between Tertullian and Marcion.

Matthias Konradt, Die Christonomie der Freiheit. Zu Paulus’ Entfaltung seines ethischen Ansatzes in Gal 5,13-6,10.

John M.G. Barclay, “I will have mercy on whom I have mercy”: The Golden Calf and Divine Mercy in Romans 9-11 and Second Temple Judaism.

Jonathan A. Linebaugh, Debating Diagonal Δικαιοσύνη: The Epistle of Enoch and Paul in Theological Conversation.

SBL International Meeting Online Programme Book Now Available

The online programme book of the 2010 SBL International Meeting is now available. This year's International Meeting will be held from July 25-29 at Tartu, Estonia. From a quick glace of this year's programme book, it seems that there are less papers offered in this year's International Meeting compared to previous years' Meetings.

The papers to be presented in the Paul and Pauline Literature Unit are as follows:

Duane A. Priebe, Wartburg Theological Seminary
Romans and the Sermon on the Mount (30 min)

Sang-Hoon Kim, Chongshin University
Triple Chiastic Structures in Rom 6 (30 min)

Teresa Kuo-Yu Tsui, Fu Jen Academia Catholica
“Baptized into His Death” (Rom 6:3) and “Clothed with Christ” (Gal 3:27): The Soteriological Meaning of Baptism in Light of Pauline Apocalyptic (30 min)

Nicholas Taylor, University of Zululand
Dying with Christ (Rom 6:3-4) in Light of Contemporary Notions of Death and Afterlife (30 min)

Dennis R. Lindsay, Northwest Christian University
Intertextuality and Typology in Paul’s Understanding of the Salvation of All Israel (30 min)

Francois Tolmie, University of the Free State
Angels as arguments? The rhetorical function of references to angels in the Main Letters of Paul (30 min)

Thomas R. Blanton, Luther College
Religious Economies of Symbolic Goods? Apuleius’ The Golden Ass and Pauline Epistles as Test Cases (30 min)

Nelson Makanda, Nairobi Evangelical Graduate School of Theology
Client Loyalty: the Defining Theme in Galatians (30 min)

Edward Pillar, University of Wales
"Whom he raised from the dead": Exploring the anti-imperial context of Paul’s first statement of resurrection (30 min)

Randar Tasmuth, Theology Institute of the Estonian Evangelical Lutheran Church
Aspects of the Idea of Man in Paul (30 min)

Matthew R. Anderson, Concordia University
Deconstructing the Temple: 1 Corinthians 3 amid Agrippa II’s Renovations (30 min)

Oh-Young kwon, Alphacrucis College
Discovering the Characteristics of Collegia – Collegia Sodalicia and Collegia Tenuiorum in 1 Corinthians 8-10 and 15 (30 min)

Julien Ogereau, Macquarie University
Paul’s leadership style in the light of 2 Corinthians 10-13 (30 min)

Dace Balode, University of South Africa
Social Diversions in the Corinthian Church (30 min)

Saturday, 10 April 2010

Review of Biblical Literature April 9, 2010

The following new reviews have been added to the Review of Biblical Literature:

Michael Bachmann
Anti-Judaism in Galatians? Exegetical Studies on a Polemical Letter and on Paul's Theology
Reviewed by Kevin McCruden

Michael F. Bird
Are You the One Who Is to Come? The Historical Jesus and the Messianic Question
Reviewed by Christopher W. Skinner

Mark J. Boda
A Severe Mercy: Sin and Its Remedy in the Old Testament
Reviewed by Erhard S. Gerstenberger

Walter Brueggemann
Divine Presence amid Violence: Contextualizing the Book of Joshua
Reviewed by Gerrie Snyman

R. Crumb
The Book of Genesis Illustrated
Reviewed by David Petersen

Robert Daly, ed.
Apocalyptic Thought in Early Christianity
Reviewed by Martin Karrer

W. Edward Glenny
Finding Meaning in the Text: Translation Technique and Theology in the Septuagint of Amos
Reviewed by Francis Dalrymple-Hamilton

T. Muraoka
A Greek-English Lexicon of the Septuagint
Reviewed by Frederick Danker

James Reitman
Unlocking Wisdom: Forming Agents of God in the House of Mourning
Reviewed by Craig G. Bartholomew

Akira Satake
Die Offenbarung des Johannes: Redaktionell bearbeitet von Thomas Witulski
Reviewed by Russell Morton

Friday, 9 April 2010

It Is Finished....All the Papers Marked

The past week has been a rather busy one. Most of my time was consumed by marking all the papers for our TEE students who took my course, Biblical Interpretation, and the research papers of my Master of Theology students.

I am still rather puzzled at the papers produced by the TEE students. Despite all my reminders not to do so, a large number of students still consulted dated popular commentaries by William Barclay and Matthew Henry. As a result, it is not surprising that only a very small percentage referred to semi-technical and technical commentaries in their exegesis papers. And even smaller numbers looked up journals despite easy access to ALTAS.

It seems to me that this observation only goes to show the extent of the influence of the writings of Barclay and Henry among believers, and these works appear to be the first port of call in looking for resources to aid them in understanding the text.

How can we encourage the students to leave these popular references behind and move on to consult recent academic works?

Tuesday, 6 April 2010

Noah and Coffee...

In light of what I have just posted last night, it seems Noah understands me very well...

Copyright Gospel Communications International, Inc - www.reverendfun.com

Monday, 5 April 2010

Wish for Coffee Places in Seremban

If only Seremban has coffee places such as these - that would make life in the seminary a little bit more "enriching" for a coffee lover like me....not to mention that they would be great places to hang out or chill out after a long day.

Saturday, 3 April 2010

Chrsit the Lord is Risen Today...

Christ the Lord is risen today, Alleluia....Χριστός Ανέστη! Αληθώς Ανέστη!

Tuesday, 30 March 2010

Symbols in My Office: They Speak more than 1000 Words?

They say symbols can be rather powerful, and they speak loudly. So I thought I would just take photos of some of the symbols and momentos found in my office. Some are rather meaningful, and they mark significant milestones in my spiritual journey. Some are just for fun. I won't say more. It's up to you to interpret. So, put your exegetical method into practice. After all, is there such thing called authorial intent? Just for fun!

Monday, 29 March 2010

NT Position: Sacred Heart School of Theology

Note the following position available:


Beginning in Fall Semester of August 2010 - decision on candidate to be made in April 2010.

Sacred Heart School of Theology invites applications for a full-time permanent position in New Testament. The starting date is Fall 2010.

Ph.D., S.S.D. or S.T.D. in Scripture and successful teaching experience preferred. Ability to teach some Hebrew Scripture as well as Greek preferred. Fluency in diverse contemporary hermeneutics and concern for Hispanic presence in US Church will weigh heavily.

Sacred Heart, in metropolitan Milwaukee, Wisconsin, is the largest Roman Catholic seminary specializing in priestly formation of men over 30 years of age. Applicants must support the seminary’s mission.

Send cover letter, curriculum vitae, three letters of reference, and evidence of successful teaching by March 29, 2010 to

Rev. Raúl Gómez-Ruiz, SDS, PhD,
Vice President for Academic Affairs,
Sacred Heart School of Theology,
PO Box 429,
Hales Corners WI 53130-0429
or to rgomez@shst.edu.

Sunday, 28 March 2010

Please, Can You Pass My Paper Based On ...?

It has been almost 10 years already since I started teaching in several seminaries in Malaysia (both as an adjunct and full time lecturer). One of the things I did over the years is to compile the requests forwarded by the students in asking (or, perhaps, pleading with) me to pass their term papers or exams. I must say the students did attempt to give some pretty "creative" reasons in hoping that I would grant their requests. Here are some of them (I have paraphrased some of them but the essence of the request remains the same):

  • "I really fasted and prayed in writing this paper. So I guess I should be given a decent grade."
  • "My age is catching up - based on compassionate ground, can you please pass my exams?"
  • "I come from engineering background and I am used to writing technical reports in mathematical equations. Therefore I can't write a theological paper where there is no equation. So can you please pass me?"

  • "Can you pass me in the exam? I know I did badly - but I need to pass your course so I could graduate."

  • "I travelled overseas to use the theological library of xxx college - so if you don't pass me, there is nothing else I could do. I have tried my best in consulting the best library in the region."

  • "I don't have time to go to the seminary library. This is because I am a leader in the church, and I am busy serving the Lord. So can you be a little bit easy on your grading?"

  • "As a pastor for many years, I am writing this paper based on my experience. I don't think I need to consult the academic books."
The list could go on. If you are in my shoes, what would you have done to these requests above?

Saturday, 27 March 2010

Review of Biblical Literature March 25, 2010

The following new reviews have been added to the Review of Biblical Literature:

Kenneth E. Bailey
The Cross and the Prodigal: Luke 15 through the Eyes of Middle Eastern Peasants
Reviewed by Robert O'Toole

Craig G. Bartholomew
Reviewed by Richard Schultz

Manfred T. Brauch
Abusing Scripture: The Consequences of Misreading the Bible
Reviewed by Michael D. Matlock

Brendan Byrne
A Costly Freedom: A Theological Reading of Mark's Gospel
Reviewed by Sean Kealy

Duane L. Christensen
Nahum: A New Translation with Introduction and Commentary
Reviewed by Klaas Spronk

Sarah Coakley and Charles M. Stang, eds.
Re-thinking Dionysius the Areopagite
Reviewed by Ilaria L. E. Ramelli

Gary N. Knoppers and Kenneth A. Ristau, eds.
Community Identity in Judean Historiography: Biblical and Comparative Perspectives
Reviewed by Rainer Kessler

R. W. L. Moberly
The Theology of the Book of Genesis
Reviewed by Brian D. Russell

Stanley E. Porter and Mark J. Boda, eds.
Translating the New Testament: Text, Translation, Theology
Reviewed by Douglas Moo

John M. Steele, ed.
Calendars and Years: Astronomy and Time in the Ancient Near East
Reviewed by Mladen Popovic

Friday, 26 March 2010

Special Offer: Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible, 5 Volumes

The Zondervan Pictorial Encyclopedia of the Bible that was published in 1975 has now been completely revised and updated. ChristianBook.com now offers the revised Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible, 5 volumes, at a very special discounted price of US$99.99 (before shipping), a whopping 64% discount from the retail price of US$279.99 that saves you US$180.00. This special offer is only valid from now till 11:59 PM Eastern Time on Monday, 29 March.

Don't miss this offer if you are looking for a solid Bible dictionary that you could use for years to come.

Watch the promotional video below:

Here is the product description:
One of the most reliable Bible encyclopedias has been thoroughly revised and extensively expanded! Backed by current archaeological research, this comprehensive edition features over 7,500 thorough, updated, alphabetically arranged articles ranging across the spectrum of biblical studies, including historical, literary, and theological topics; in-depth introductions to each book of the Bible; hundreds of color and black-and-white photographs, illustrations, charts, graphs, and maps; pronunciation guides for all biblical names; current bibliographies for further reading; and thousands of cross-references. Diverse viewpoints from 250 international scholars provide well-rounded perspectives on significant issues relating to doctrines, themes, and biblical interpretation. A must-have resource for pastors, teachers, students, and anybody seeking to dig deeper into God's Word. Approx. 5000 pages total, five slipcased hardcovers.

Click here for sample pages of the Encyclopedia.

Another MTh Graduate

This morning, I had the privilege of chairing Sivin Kit's oral defence for his Master of Theology thesis on "A Trinitarian Public Theology: Malaysian Churches and Civil Society." Both the examiners, the Rt Rev Dr Solomon Rajah, Bishop of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in Malaysia, and Joseph Komar passed Sivin's thesis with minor corrections.

Congratulations, Sivin. We are very proud of you. We wish you all the best for your application for your doctoral studies.

Review of Biblical Literature March 19, 2010

The following new reviews have been added to the Review of Biblical Literature:

Elizabeth Boase
The Fulfilment of Doom? The Dialogic Interaction between the Book of Lamentations and the Pre-exilic/Early Exilic Prophetic Literature
Reviewed by Charles Miller

Jo Carruthers
Esther through the Centuries
Reviewed by Linda Day
Reviewed by Timothy Laniak

Mark K. George
Israel's Tabernacle as Social Space
Reviewed by Gert Prinsloo

Joel B. Green
Body, Soul, and Human Life: The Nature of Humanity in the Bible
Reviewed by Robin Gallaher Branch

Peter J. Leithart
Deep Exegesis: The Mystery of Reading Scripture
Reviewed by Matthew Gordley

Bruce J. Malina
Timothy: Paul's Closest Associate
Reviewed by Mark Batluck

Scot McKnight and Joseph B. Modica, eds.
Who Do My Opponents Say That I Am? An Investigation of the Accusations against Jesus
Reviewed by M. Robert Mulholland

John Oswalt
The Bible among the Myths: Unique Revelation or Just Ancient Literature?
Reviewed by Claude Mariottini

Tessa Rajak
Translation and Survival: The Greek Bible and the Ancient Jewish Diaspora
Reviewed by Christopher Beetham

Lesleigh Cushing Stahlberg
Sustaining Fictions: Intertextuality, Midrash, Translation, and the Literary Afterlife of the Bible
Reviewed by Lena-Sofia Tiemeyer

Tom Thatcher
Greater than Caesar: Christology and Empire in the Fourth Gospel
Reviewed by Adam Winn